All the TIPS I learned about watercolours in 2 days at Malacca

Few weeks ago, I discovered the Urban sketchers work. I decided to do my own sketchwalk at Malacca for 2 days ! That’s how I came back home with more than 20 pages of sketches. 

I am a total beginner in watercolour. Few months ago, I talked to a popular group of artist, “the Rainbow Pig” in Ho Chi Minh weeks ago at a Manga festival. One of them, whose name is Kuno taught me some tricks. I kept them in my mind and decided to apply them during this trip. I can tell you that these few tricks are enough to start having a lot of fun with watercolours. I will show you all these tricks in this article.

My latest attempt with Watercolour was on Photoshop. But I couldn’t get a such sensitive painting with it. There is so much more parameters we can play in real ! It’s just that there is no more Ctrl –Z (Undo on Photoshop when you do a mistake).

  • Inclination of your paper to let the paint flow
  • You can blow air with your mouth to make special effect
  • Control the amount of water the dilute the paint
  • Mix colours with awesome transition


First of all, I needed water. I took my bottle of water and fill it the one from the fountain. I will explain to you later why it was a bad idea. Beside that I recommend to use a bottle of water instead of a cup (personal preference). It’s easier to transport, as you don’t have to wash it and dry it to carry it to the next place.
Feel free to use the cap to mix some colours inside.

1. near the Red church

I started with a calligraphy pen (bought at Tokyu Hands) and a regular brush. It reminds me the one I had during my primary school. I started with something familiar to comfort myself.

The calligraphy pen because has quite a thick brush. You can’t draw small details with it. It means I had no other choice than simplify.

When I started to paint, I realised that the black ink started to be diluted with the red paint. It was not made on purposed. However, the effect actually looks good, no ?

I like to use the side page to test colours. It gives me an instant preview.

The video in real time: 17 minutes.

2. Drawing the Fountain’s details

The 2nd attempt came to drawing some detailing from the fountain of the Red church of Malacca.
To avoid the dilution of the black ink, I choose one of my favourite pen: the Pilot Twin marker which is water resistant. For the brush, I tried something harder, a flat brush.

The secret of drawing urban sketches is to draw loose. You need to relax and ignore the presence of tourist who may look above your shoulder or even take you in picture. If you start to draw for them, you may get some pressure, and start feeling tense.

For the outlines

  • I start by roughly drawing the vertical and horizontal axis. (I havn’t well followed them…)
  • I do not start by “micro details”, I draw the main shape first keeping the symmetry in mind.
  • Then I refine.

Here is a monochromatic painting.

  • I first visualise the source of light (from top left),
  • I apply a light green paint at the opposite side of the lighting. 
  • I darken the green adding some black paint with a huge amount of water
  • I spread it while the light green colour is still wet.

The video in real time: 7 minutes

Next sketch:

I feel green colour is suitable to the monument. I try to explore more. So main tip to remember here is to add a maximum of water on the drawing. If your paper is suitable to watercolour, it may not undulate much and not let the water going through. When you are done, be patient. Let the sun dry the paint.

Next sketch:

A little girl was playing at the fountain. She had nice features. A tourist came and congratulate me for the drawing. Then she called the little girl asking her to come and see the sketch I did of her. The little girl said no and went elsewhere to sit. I was not done yet… I felt a bit disappointed… Next time I will kindly ask the tourist to do not interact if they try to. : /

3. Side the river

This sketch is really dirty. I guess I haven’t well manage the composition of colours. What is difficult at start, is that we are tempted to fill everything. However, playing with a good amount of white will be emotionally more impactful.

Just a quick sketch, then the rain came, so I left the place.

4. At a World heritage restaurant

I discovered a World heritage restaurant at Jonker street. The interior architecture was like coming from an old martial art movie with Donnie Yen (IP man).

When you play with 2 colours, try to choose one dominant. Here is the red against the touch of green. If you play 50-50, your eye may feel confused. This trick apply to anything in life. Look around you, the products you use every day seldom carry this ratio, except toys.

Have you notice the splash of colours behind the frog ? It’s something fun to do.

  • Drop a lot of colours with a good amount of water.
  • Then put your mouth in front of it and huff very strong in multiple direction !
5. At the Ba Ku Teah restaurant

I quite liked the association of green and yellow I did with the frog during lunch time. Now it’s about 9pm, and I decided to play with that combo again. By experimenting multiple combination of colours, I may come out with a set of favourite one.

I ordered a Chinese tea. It’s quite impressive to see how just a touch of red colour can bring it alive.

It was quite late. I felt tired and ordered a local dish: Ba Ku Teh. My line are very bad. However, the overall still look good ! I believe that any beginner in sketching could try and enjoy urban sketching. It will be a good way to get confidence. However, once again don’t stay too long in a comfort zone.


Melacca is quite a small city. Wondering where to go, I asked the taxi driver to drop me side the river, where a lot of colours shine under the bright sun.

Side the river

My drawing get more and more loose. Whatever it looks quite good. I am challenging myself at suppressing details and still having a decent result. The tips I would spot here is about the background, where I only draw the outline of the trees. (left side of the drawing)

The people of the restaurant from where I sketched. The tips to remember here is to apply a touch of red on peoples cheek. It gives more reality to them.

Chinese temple

When I was drawing the Chinese temple, it was really windy. The pages kept turning. Next time, I will plan a clipper for my sketchbook.

The full video here: 15 minutes
Time lapse video: 44 seconds

I extra sketch of the temple. It’s good to remember to include people in the scene.

Back to Jonker Street

Jonker street is one of the most crowded place of Malacca. I started to draw people.
I guess I should have include a crowd in the scene.

You don’t have to be very accurate, however try to keep a reasonable sense of proportion and don’t hesitate to exaggerate people’s posture. They will be more expressive. People are moving fast. Don’t try to remember everything, instead try to catch an attitude.

Some pedestrians that I draw with different light weight. The calligraphy pen with a brush as a nib is quite good for that effect.

I challenge myself sketching with slanted walls. I actually like it. It’s wonderful to see how urban sketch can give such freedom.

What I learnt from a confirmed artist.


I visited a Chinese calligraphy shop. Then I saw a flyer about an artist gallery. I though he was giving some courses, so I went there. It was actually exclusively a gallery. selling the artist work that include a lot of watercolour. I met the artist, and told him about my “Urban sketching adventure”. He said that I shouldn’t use the fountain water for my water colour. It’s full of bacteria that will “eat” the paper. With the time, the drawing will tend to brown. He’s very picky into to choice of the water. He usually take mineral water, and only tap water if there is no alternative choice.

He told me that each element of your art supplies has a role: paper, brush, water, quality of the watercolour… influence the end result. You change one of them, and you will get a different result. There is no magic recipe to learn watercolour. At the end, practice and experience is the key.

How my sketchbook pages looks like at the end of this trip.

Being overseas, I have been quite late about the posting of articles, so I hope this one will be very helpful !

If you have any comment or question, feel free to ask.  We can learn together.

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About The Author


Hello! My name is Chou-Tac. I am a Product Designer from France. If the sketching methods I’ve acquired aid me in my life and in my industrial design career, I believe that they can also help you reach your design goal as a student or professional. My aim to help you all along with your design projects and journey. Anytime, feel free to leave a comment in the blog or send me an email at : )

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